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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Reducing Morbidity and Mortality

Impact of Hurricane Sandy on Morbidity and Mortality in New York City 

Applicant Institution:  New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Researchers at the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene investigated the impact of Hurricane Sandy on mortality, injuries, mental health, and evacuation behaviors in New York City. They found that most injuries and deaths occurred within Evacuation Zone A and were primarily caused by drowning. Within the inundation area, mental health conditions were higher among residents who experienced Hurricane Sandy–related traumatic events such as physical injury, household damage, and displacement. Older adults were less likely to evacuate than younger adults, and people living on higher floors were less likely to evacuate than those living on lower floors. These findings are being used to guide emergency response and preparedness efforts.

This project was funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


Assessing Health Effects and Risk Factors After Hurricane Sandy in New York State

Applicant Institution:  New York State Department of Health

Researchers at the New York State Department of Health conducted a comprehensive study to understand how Hurricane Sandy impacted mortality and multiple health outcomes of residents in the eight impacted counties during Hurricane Sandy, three months, and one year later. In general, they found significant increased risks of certain mental health outcomes (anxiety and psychosis), injury, carbon monoxide poisoning, and a lack of access to dialysis immediately after Hurricane Sandy, but no significant increases in hospital admissions due to cardiovascular-respiratory diseases or water/food-borne diseases.

This project was funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


Impacts on Health and Mental Health Post-Superstorm Sandy, New Jersey

Applicant Institution:  New Jersey Department of Health

While Hurricane Sandy affected all of New Jersey, it did not affect every location in the same way. In this study, researchers at the New Jersey Department of Health assessed how the extent of Sandy’s impact affected access to medical care, induced psychological stress, and increased exposure to pollutants such as carbon monoxide, ultimately creating adverse effects on health.

This project was funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

  • This page last reviewed: March 10, 2016