Emergency management operations support to the UC occurs through the jurisdiction's Multiagency Coordination Center or MACC, which is commonly based at an EOC. The EOC is the pre-designated facility in a jurisdiction from which emergency management personnel and government officials exercise direction and control in an emergency and provide high-level support to the UC. In the traditional disaster scenario, the UC operates from an ICP at the incident scene (e.g., site of a building collapse), and is geographically separated from the EOC.
Figure 4-3. EOC Incident Support in Traditional Emergency Response
If the incident is diffuse, involves the entire jurisdiction, or in some other way prevents the UC from establishing its ICP elsewhere, the EOC may provide the structure and function for the ICP. When this occurs, the UC should occupy a space that is separate from emergency management operations support personnel so the focus of the UC remains distinct from that of the local emergency management and the MACS. However, the EOC leadership (in many cases, this is the local emergency manager) should attend and participate in the UC planning meetings and operations briefings, and related activities. This integrates the UC with the local jurisdiction's MACS, but avoids risking crossover/conflict between their designated response roles. It also empowers the EOC to more actively support the UC by better anticipating possible incident response needs.
- When the UC is operating at a distant incident scene, EOC leadership could still participate in UC planning meetings via teleconference or some other defined mechanism. This is helpful in promoting full coordination between incident command and emergency management operations support.
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