Public Health Emergency - Leading a Nation Prepared
Because incident management is usually based at the local level, the role of State Government in a mass casualty and/or mass effect incident is often to support the jurisdictional (Tier 3) response effort when local resources are severely challenged. This may come in the form of coordinating incident management activities among affected jurisdictions, and/or coordinating tactical mutual aid support between local jurisdictions.
Response to multijurisdictional events can be greatly strengthened by coordinating incident management activities across affected jurisdictions. State-level incident support (Tier 4) should focus on facilitating information sharing via a robust State information management function. Important considerations for public health and medical response may include the following:
In a mass casualty and/or mass effect incident, it is often necessary to obtain response resources from outside an affected jurisdiction to meet medical surge demands. Depending on the need, resources may come directly from the State (e.g., public health epidemiology expertise) or, more commonly, from an unaffected jurisdiction (e.g., medication supplies, critical care equipment). State Government can play a critical role in establishing processes for mutual aid distribution.
Important preparedness considerations for medical and health mutual aid include the following:
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