Public Health Emergency - Leading a Nation Prepared
The following example demonstrates how the concepts presented in this chapter may be applied during an actual incident response. The various phases of response (as described in Chapter 1) highlight when critical actions should occur; however, the example extends only as far as incident operations, as this is the focus of the MSCC Management System.
Background and Incident Description
Incident operations activities are closely coordinated among jurisdictional, State, Tribal, and Federal officials. A JFO is established locally to bring together all key Federal, State, and jurisdictional stakeholders with incident management responsibility. Once on scene, the IRCT integrates into the JFO and the IRCT Leader coordinates all Federal ESF #8 resources that have been deployed. The IRCT Leader interacts with the State public health official(s) and emergency managers at the State EOC and relays information back to the SOC for accurate real-time situational awareness. The State EOC has activated its preplanned procedure for centralizing requests for public health and medical assistance from jurisdictional and State authorities and determines whether requests can be met using State resources or assets immediately available through mutual aid arrangements with neighboring States.
Once it is determined that Federal assistance for resources or assets is indicated, the State submits the request to the DHS request process through the JFO. Once the JFO has the request, DHS/FEMA distributes a mission assignment to the Primary Agency of the appropriate ESF. For public health and medical requests (ESF #8), HHS is tasked and has the responsibility to fulfill the mission assignment in coordination with its OPDIVs and ESF #8 support agencies.
The IRCT Leader provides situation reports to the EMG on a regular schedule, and all HHS response actions at the scene are coordinated with the EMG and other Federal operation centers (e.g., JFO, NOC-NRCC). Based on information contained in these situation reports, the ASPR, on behalf of the Secretary, coordinates the following ESF #8 functions:
The HHS Assistant Secretary of Public Affairs collaborates with the DHS Public Affairs Office on all public affairs aspects of the response. Public affairs response teams are deployed to address media inquiries, to develop public information materials, and to provide public information liaison officers to the IRCT and to other Federal operations centers. The primary Joint Information Center (JIC), established in support of the NRP, provides general health and medical information to the public after consultation with HHS.
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